Rodents due to their adaptation to different micro-habitats and abundant population has become serious threat to human health and properties Mostly being commensal ( sharing one’s table) in human habitation, the effects of the left overs ranges from various diseases, contamination of food for pets, children and adults to damages in building structural’s and food storages.
The common species found are
- House Mouse.
- Roof Rat.
- Norway Rat.
- Bandicoot Rat. Lesser Bandicoot or Indian Mole Rat: Bandicota bengalensis
Larger/Greater Bandicoot Rat: Bandicota indica
Effects on Human
- The rodent incisors (first kind of tooth) grow 0.3 to 0.4mm each day which can become larger than the mouth resisting consuming the food. Hence the rodents grind the same to keep the growth under control, hence it nibbles all the materials concerned to human like wood, computer cables, wires etc.,
- Due to the food consumption similar to human, it contaminates by transferring the pathogens, urinating, droppings and fall of hair.
- Because of their close proximity to human, they are able to spread many dreaded and infectious diseases such as plague, Murine typhus, salmonellosis, rat bite fever, leptospirosis, typhoid and dysentery causing morbidity and mortality.
- They are good climbers and hence they can reach any heights of the building.
- They can make a species that depend on low resources for survival to extinct.
- Their body is so flexible which make them possible to squeeze through an entry point as small as ¼ of an inch.
They are omnivorous and can feed on every thing from fresh to garbage wastes.
At normal condition they can live up to one year and in the laboratory condition 2-3 years have been found possible.
Utilization of various trapping methods internally and baiting methods externally. Your De-rating professional can design suitable methods after inspection.
- Close all the entry points.
- Avoid keeping the food uncovered.
- Avoid food spillage.
- Regular sanitation is necessary, as the rodents can survive in fewer resources.
- Use closed garbage bins and dispose the wastage in closed containers.
- Dried grain and meat products should be stored in glass jars, metal canisters or other resealable airtight containers.
- Dispose all the scraps which will avoid shelters for rodents.
- Clean the areas using anti-bacterial solutions if rodent droppings are found which can be source to spread diseases